Agriculture

December 19, 2022

Portable Solar Water Pump

India is predominantly agricultural land and it needs to produce tons of food to feed the millions of mouths it shelters. However, the irony of the […]
June 14, 2013

Eastern States of India – Growth Engines and Enablers

Eastern region of India is a land of huge potential which is endowed with rich minerals, forests, productive and fertile soil along with rich cultural heritage. […]
May 19, 2013

Crop Insurance in India

India has a large and diverse agriculture sector and the farm output is one of the highest, making India rank second in the world. States like […]
April 13, 2013

Indian Slums Vs. Rural Areas – Are they any better off

Indian Slums The recent report of the Census Commissioner very well depicts the state of the Indian economy. In India, over 64 million people represent the […]
April 2, 2013

CCT vs. Food Bill – A debate

CCT vs. Food Bill It is expected that the National Food Security Bill (NFSB), introduced in the Lok Sabha will impact negatively in the functioning of […]
March 28, 2013

Is the Investment Climate in West Bengal, India conducive for Industrial Growth

Investment Climate Investment Climate is a broad concept which encompasses all the factors affecting business decisions which includes profitability, location, etc. to a name a few. […]
March 20, 2013

Challenges and recommendation for Growth of the Indian Commodity Market

Indian Commodity Market After internet becoming the buzzword for the common people there has been a considerable rise in investments in the commodity market. Commodity Market […]
March 11, 2013

Three Major Aspects of MSME in driving the engine of growth in India

Medium to Small Enterprises, MSME India India is a developing economy which can be characterized by the following salient features: Low per Capita Income Rapid population […]
March 6, 2013

The Need & Objectives of Foreign Trade Policy 2009-14

Foreign Trade Policy – What Foreign Trade Policy in India is formulated by the Government of India, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Department of Commerce. Foreign […]
February 16, 2013

Jain Irrigation Systems helping the world Go Green, is a Buy for us

Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the land or soil. It is used to assist in the growing of agricultural crops.(source: Wikipedia). Agriculture is […]
February 14, 2013

Should India develop her own Manufacturing Hub or reamin the Outsourced Hub for Western Economies

The Indian Economy in 1947-91 The Indian economy was primarily an agrarian economy post independence era, with a major chunk of its GDP coming from Agriculture […]
December 6, 2012

Issues of the Indian Service Sector – Classification of services, GDP, Outsourcing & Growth Rate

Among fast growing developing countries, India is distinctive for the role of the service sector. Where earlier developers grew by exporting labor-intensive manufactures, India has relied […]
December 5, 2012

Solar Pumps in India offer a stunningly low 4 year payback period over Diesel Agricultural Pumps

Will Solar Pumps replace Diesel Pumps in India While Solar Panels in India gets all the attention and publicity, other solar products in India like solar […]
December 2, 2012

Importance Of Agriculture in India

Agriculture Industry in India It is needless to say that the agriculture industry provides the principal means of livelihood for over 58.4% of India’s population. India […]
November 14, 2012

India Infrastructure – Strengthening or Weakening the Indian Economy

Infrastructure: The roots of growth for emerging markets “When you don’t invest in infrastructure, you are going to pay sooner or later“ –      Mike Parker Infrastructure, […]
November 2, 2012

Cost concerns: Major bottleneck in the Biomass Power Development

Bottleneck in Biomass Power Development India is predominantly an agricultural economy. The estimated food grain production in India in 2011-12 is estimated as a little over 250 MT […]
August 17, 2012

India’s Agriculture Policy a Big Mess as Hundreds & Millions Malnourished, as Farm Exports Grow by 88%

Agriculture in India Recent Media reports have lauded the current Indian Government for increasing the rate of investment in the Agriculture sector and raising rural incomes […]
July 10, 2012

Indian Freakonomics – Why the Textile and Furniture Industry has started using Fertilizers

India gives billions of dollars in misdirected subsidies to the fuel and fertilizer sectors which goes into the pockets of middlemen and profiteers. It is a […]
February 1, 2012

Global Warming of 2 Degrees to Halve India's Wheat Production to 40 Million Tons

In these days of economic crises it has become unsexy to talk about Global Warming and Climate Change which pose a much greater threat to mankind. The Western countries have turned apathetic towards climate change with most like Canada, USA and UK showing shocking attitude towards Global Warming . The reason is that rich countries can throw resources at ameliorating the affects of climate change . The poor countries have little in terms of resources to either slowdown climate change or change the attitude of the richer countries. South Asia and Africa two of the poorest regions in the world will face the worst of the global warming affects. A new study has indicated that India's wheat yield could be halved to 40 million tons a year from the current 80 million tons due to rising temperature. The reason is that wheat yields will come down as temperature goes up by 2 degrees centigrade or more.
January 5, 2012

Biomass Plants in India Shutdown as Feedstock Costs Race ahead of Prices

Biomass Plants in India are shutting down as feedstock costs have increased rapidly while government regulated electricity tariffs have yet to increase.60% of India's Biomass Plants have closed down as they are longer profitable.Note India has a massive growth target for biomass electricity capacity up from 1 GW at present (2 GW if you count cogeneration).A number of agricultural companies have set up a number of plants besides dedicated green utilities.However inflation in India has affected the operation of plants specially those who don't have inhouse feedstock supply.
January 2, 2012

Should India learn from Brazil in reducing Fiscal Deficit and Budget Spending

2011 has been a bad year for emerging markets with high inflation,slowing growth and rising interest rates.Most of the problems are a consequence of the 2008 Financial Crisis when emerging countries increasing fiscal spending and reduced interest rates to reduce the affect of the Lehman crisis.Now the Bill is coming due with slowing growth and higher inflation.Most of the BRIC countries have heavily increased interest rates in 2011 to slow inflation as their poor population can ill afford the damaging effect of inflation. Brazil has reduced its 2012 Budget by $32 billion to control inflation drawing howls of protest from politicians who always want to spend more as if money grows on trees.The country has reined in spending in both 2011 and 2012 to reduce the fiscal deficit and spend more money on productive sectors like infra.
October 11, 2011

List of Top Sugar Manufacturers,Exporters in India – Sugar Industry in India a Cyclical Sector,Sugar Prices and Types,Byproducts of Sugar

Sugar is produced by pressing out the juice from sugarcane & then boiling it into crystals. This process was developed in India around 500 BC. The sugarcane cultivation is believed to have originated in New Guinea, and was spread along routes to Southeast Asia and India. Brazil and India are the largest producer and producer-consumer of sugar respectively. India is the second largest producer of sugarcane next to Brazil. In 2008, the production in Brazil was 645,300,182 tonnes & India was 348,187,900 tonnes. India contributes about 12% of world sugar production and has annual sugar production capacity of 23 million tonnes with a total investment of $11000 million. Presently, about 4 million hectares of land is under sugarcane production. The average yield is around 70 tonnes per hectare. India now has 453 working sugar factories with an average capacity of 3500 TCD (tonnes crushed per day). There has been an increase in the volume of free international trade in sugar, which provides an excellent means of increasing exports. In India over 45 million tonnes of sugar is being traded each year. Sugar production is not the only business of the Indian industry, but it also has a diversified business of power generation and ethanol production. The country has been producing about 1.7 billion liters of alcohol utilizing 75-80% molasses, which is a by-product of sugar production in the country. In 1993, Molasses and alcohol-based industries were decontrolled, but currently are being controlled by state governments.
July 5, 2011

Desalination in India Overview – Process,Methods(Reverse Osmosis),List of Companies and Plants

Desalination facilities exist in about 120 countries around the world. According to the International Desalination Association (IDA), the global desalination market is expected to grow to US$ 95 billion through 2005 to 2015. According to a report by Global Water Intelligence (GWI), the worldwide desalination industry is expected to grow 140 percent over the next decade, with US$ 25 billion in capital investment by 2010 and US$ 56 billion by 2015. While countries like the US, Spain, and the Gulf countries have been able to build mega plants, other countries in Asia, Africa, and South America have inadequate resources to do so. Initiatives have been taken by the governments in Spain, the Middle East, and Australia to construct desalination plants to turn seawater into drinking water.
July 5, 2011

Edible Oil Manufacturers in India – Growing Market attracts MNCs (Cargill,ConAgra) to the Mustard,SoyaOil Industry

The Indian vegetable oil economy is the fourth largest in the world after US, China & Brazil. Since 1995, India's share has been 10% of the world production of oilseeds. A wide range of oilseeds crops grow in India. Groundnut, soyabean & mustard together contribute 85% of India's oilseeds production, as per a report by Indian law office. Mustard oil is the third largest edible oil produced in the world after Soy oil and Palm oil. At a production level of 13-14 million tons, it accounts for about 12% of the total World's edible oil production.The Indian market in volume and revenue terms is quite large and has seen increasing investment from foreign players.However the margins in this industry are quite low which implies that the profitability is much lower in the Edible Oil Market in India.There are also large regional players which have strengths in their domestic turf.The Edible Oil Sector has seen a number of M&A deals in recent times as well.KS Oils which is a large player back by some of the top name PE has been in trouble in recent times due to its large debt.
July 5, 2011

Water Treatment in India – List of Companies in WasteWater Treatment and Reverse Osmosis

A growing population has increased the demand for drinking water and rapid urbanization has required increasing sewage treatment. Many industries have been forced to adopt water-recycling systems due to the scarcity of water. Growing public concern, media pressure and renewed legislation has left industries with no option but to install water treatment equipment. The water treatment companies offer sustainable solutions that serve as the economic basis for a region and provide enhanced quality of life for people. They aim at the conservation and ecological utilization of water. However, Indian companies have limited capabilities and technology for the design of water treatment plants. There is a distinct opportunity for U.S. companies to offer technical consulting.
June 1, 2011

India's Agricultural Loan Interest Subsidy Perversity- How Rich Farmers Make Risk Free 3-5% Carry using Zero Capital

India's policymaker keep making dumb policies to promote agriculture in the country which leads to huge losses for taxpayers and leads to no gains for poor farmers.One such policy is to give a interest rate subsidy of 3% to farmers who have repaid their loans.This means that if you are getting a loan from the banks at 7.5% normally,you will now get it at 4% if you are a farmer who has repaid his loans.Note the condition "repaid his loan" is meant to sound as it he has great thing like saving someone from a burning building.Last time I though all loans were meant to be repaid.But evidently different rules apply to farmers who were in the election year in 2009 were given a loan waiver.The government effectively allowed the farmers to convert their loans to a grant.It was an indirect gifting of billions of dollars to farmers to get votes and it worked splendidly for the ruling Congress party.A winning idea is seldom abandoned even it leads to perverse economic outcomes.
April 11, 2011

Biomass Energy and Rice perfect partners as Electricity Costs rise in India

A number of Agricultural Companies and Green Utilities are focusing on setting up biomass plants in different places in India.Note Biomass Energy accounts for almost 20-30% of the Energy Requirements of the country and is the main source of energy for most of the rural communities for cooking and heating.Biomass Energy is best suited where Crop and Animal Residue are cheaply available.Most of India's Biomass Power Plants have been built by companies involved in agri industries particularly sugar.Now Rice Companies are finding Biomass Energy perfect for their needs as they generate huge amounts of waste Rice Husk which can be used to generate electricity for their inhouse needs as well as for sale to the power grid.Note on top of this,Rice Biomass Electricity is also eligible for Subsidies from the State Governments.Haryana is seeing a surge in Rice based Electricity Plants with 16 MW installed already.Note Haryana is one of the top agri states in India alongwith Punjab and provides a lot of potential.Note a number of Rice Companies such as Lakshmi Energy and Foods have made Biomass Electricity a key part of their growth strategies even changing their names.Here are a couple of Rice Companies with aggressive Biomass Electricity Plans.
March 31, 2011

Green Companies in India – Biomass,Solar,Wind,Geothermal,Hydroelectricity Energy Producers,Alternative Energy Utilities

India's Green Companies are seeing tremendous growth backed by the nation's massive energy demand increase.The 8% Plus Economic Growth coupled with the already massive electricity deficit which makes brownouts of 8 hours a day normal in many places in the country provides the macro background underpinning the growth.India's Green Industry is still in a nascent state compared to the massive solar and wind industries in countries like China and Germany.However attracted by the massive potential a number of companies small and large have entered the fray.Most of India's large energy groups,utilities have already established a small presence or are in process of doing so.While Wind Energy is the largest Renewable Energy Industry in India after HydroElectricity,Geothermal Energy is non-existent without a single large commercial plant.Biomass Energy is quite well developed and Solar Energy is the fastest growing Green Industry.Here is a comprehensive list of the Green Companies in India operating in the different Alternative Energy Sectors.
March 10, 2011

Indian Biomass Energy reaches 1 GW in 2010 – List of Biomass Energy Companies (Rice,Sugar,Green Utilities) growing with 10 Times Growth in next 10 Years

India had set up around 500 MW of Biomass Capacity by 2007 and has increased it by almost 150 MW since then to reach around 1 GW capacity today.Most of Indias' Biomass Electricity is being generated in Andhra Pradesh,Maharashtra,Tamil Nadu,Karnataka and Rajasthan.A lot of new capacity is being built in Punjab and Chattisgarh as well.India with a total biomass capacity of around 1 GW is planning to increase it by 10 times to 10 GW by 2020 by setting up a number of 1-2 MW biomass plants around the country.Around 400-600 acres of land are required to support 1 Mw of Biomass Capacity and 200-300 acres using energy intensive crops.This is much more than what is required for even thin film solar energy which is around 10 acres.The large land requirements make Biomass Energy Scalding a difficult proposition,however it has a great use in niche applications where there is a large amount of crop and animal residue/waste Biomass Energy is clearly seeing a massive investment of private capital by a number of Green Energy companies.A number of these companies are backed by Private Equity Players.Almost all Sugar Companies in the country co-generate biomass power at their sugar plants.The size of the segment is quite large and has not been listed here.In India 3 types of companies are focused on biomass electricity - Sugar Companies,Rice Companies and Green Energy Utilities.The first 2 categories will be successful as their cost of feedstock is essentially zero while the the success of the third kind will depend on the management and execution.
December 21, 2010

India's Pathetic Food Supply Chain leads to 30% Wastage and Soaring Onion Prices which now equal Average Wages

India's Agriculture Sector account for only a miniscule percentage of GDP and growth,however most of India's population continues to depend on it.Despite rapid growth of the services and industries sector as globalization leads to assimilation of foreign technology and practises,agriculture continues to live in medieval times. India's Food Supply Chain leads to massive waster and inefficiency with 30% of India's vegetable and fruit produce being wasted.This is criminal in a country where most of the children go hungry.However corporatization has been repelled by vested interests leading to a the sorry situation.Food inflation has seen double digits since last year and despite a better harvest year,some food prices are touching the stratosphere.The inadequate supply chain leads to periodic shortages of key food items used by Indian as part of the daily diet.